Crossing Signs Only
Crossbucks Only
Flashing Only Installations
Standard Crossing Gates
Cantilevered Installations
Rotating Banner


This section briefly touches on grade crossing protection of all sorts, and is by no means comprehensive.  It combines all of the separate pages I previously had on these signals, sorry for it's size, (and it may get bigger).

For pedestrian crossing gates, click here.

Jim Mihalek - Minneapolis MN, Abram Burnett - Harrisburg PA, Robert Ashworth, Aaron Border, Chad Kluck - St Paul MN, Mike Kamys - Chicago IL

Railroad Crossing and Stop Signs Only

Not quite sure at what road crossing these are from, since I can no longer locate them using Google's Streetview, so they may have been replaced.  They did however, come from a grade crossing that was along CSX's mainline heading east out of Baltimore, in the Rosedale/Golden Ring area of Baltimore County, near the I-695 Beltway.






Spencer NC - NS (SR)


Crossbucks Only

CSX in Rosedale MD (Baltimore on the east side)




Rosedale MD (Baltimore on the east side) - Schaefers Ln


Rosedale MD (Baltimore on the east side) - Contractors Rd


Rosedale MD (Baltimore on the east side) - Lake Dr

CSX on the east side of Baltimore, coming out of Bayview Yard before you hit the Beltway, I-695, passes through a mixed industrial and residential neighborhood.  Most of the grade crossings along this section of the CSX mainline are protected by nothing other than a simple set of crossbuck signs.  Along this stretch of track is where, here, back in May of 2013, a CSX freight ran into a truck at this basically "unprotected" crossing, and the result was a huge explosion and fire that my buddy who lives off Chesaco Ave heard and felt, and that was about a mile away!

Simple Flashing Only Installations

Near Union Bridge MD

This unused crossing signal is on the former Western Maryland line between Reisterstown and Hagerstown MD


Somewhere in (I think) Durham NC





Standard Crossing Gates

This section contains what we have come to expect as the standard grade crossing - crossing gate in the U.S.

Simple installations consist of just the crossing gates themselves.  More elaborate installations will often add a cantilever type signal bridge with  one or more pairs of flashing lights, as many newer installations are.

A excellent picture resource on American grade crossings can be found at: http://www.rxrsignals.net

Clifton VA - on the ex Southern Rwy (NS)

Located halfway between Fairfax and Manassas VA, is this quaint little spot called Clifton, contains a set of standard US&S crossing gates.  The left picture is the gate on the south side of the tracks, the other two are of the signal on the north side.


Grand Haven MI


Albion MI

Ashland VA

This crossing gate is on the former Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Rwy (now CSX).  Notice the signal also has a "no left turn" light on it.


Timonium MD

In the middle of 2005, the Maryland MTA was in the middle of double tracking the light rail on the northside of the system, from the shops northward.  This crossing is at Timonium Road when they were in the middle of replacing track.  If you notice, the sign says "3 tracks".  Back in the old Pennsy through Conrail days, there used to be three tracks here because of a siding that used to go into Saco Lumber.

Cantilevered Installations

  In Grand Haven MI, photo by Mike Kamys

  Grand Haven MI, Google Maps

    Not sure where....



Wig-Wag signals were an early form of grade crossing protection for automobiles wishing to cross a railroad right-of-way.  In the early 1900's, as traffic volumes increased with both the railroads and automobiles, the number of grade crossing accidents rose, along with casualties.  The railroads attempted to produce some sort of signal that would alert drivers to the presence of an oncoming train.  The familiar "stop, look, and listen" signs were no longer effective once car manufacturers enclosed the car compartment, and hearing an approaching train became difficult.


According to Wikipedia, one of the earliest attempts to make a moving mechanical signal was by Pacific Electric of Los Angeles.  They reasoned that the familiar grade crossing attendant, making a swinging motion with his lamp to alert motorists, was a good choice, and developed a machine that would simulate that motion.  The first version used gears and was made in house, and was difficult to maintain.  They eventually decided to use two electro-magnets to pull the banner back and forth, which also allowed the banner to sit "in the middle" when at rest.

Wig-Wags were made by a number of manufacturers: WRRS (Western Railroad Supply), Magnetic Signal Company, and US&S.

Someone in L.A. probably saw the signals on the PE, and decided to capitalize on the "success" of the design.  My guess is that the Pacific Electric, being a transit company, probably wasn't overly concerned with filing a patent on their creation.  (Don't quote me on this, it's only conjecture).  So, the Magnetic Flagman company was originally based in Los Angeles.  After WWII, the company was bought by the Griswold Company of Minneapolis.  Models made in Minneapolis are rare today.

There are three predominant styles of wig-wags: 1) upper quadrant, 2) lower quadrant, and 3) enclosed.  Enclosed wig-wags were also called "banjo's".  With upper quadrant wig-wags, the banner sat above the motor housing, and required the use of a counter weight below the motor to bring the banner to rest in the middle.  A lower quadrant wig-wag had the banner hanging from the motor housing, and as such, did not require the use of a counter weight to hang in the middle when at rest.  "Enclosed" wig-wags were top-of-mast style signals, where the motor was supported by a "harp".

(L) An "enclosed" WRRS wig-wag in my backyard signal graveyard.
(R) A lower quadrant Magnetic Signal wig-wag in Ashland Oregon, photo by Robert Ashworth

Most wig-wags were single units, a few double wig-wags did exist however.  The last one I know of was in Roseburg Indiana, as shown below.  Photo by Aaron Border, and was taken around the time I stopped thru town chasing the GP-30's of the Central of Indiana RR.  Roseburg is east of Kokomo.

  A rare double lower-quadrant wig-wag in Roseburg IN

If you look hard, you may still be able to find one still in operation, but they are becoming increasingly rare, and can usually only be found on less used tracks.

The N&W used to have hundreds of wig-wags in use, most apparently from WRRS.  Most were gone by the late 70's, with a few surviving in the early 80's.  The last one may have been in Copenhaver (from a thread on N&W wig-wags).

One very interesting use for wig-wag signals is contained below in the link to the Santa Fe Historical Society's page on wig-wag's used on that railroad to communicate to the engineer a highball condition or a stop condition, check it out!  This was before the days of radio.


WRRS Model 5 Auto-Flag Wig-Wag on display in Grand Haven MI in the Pere Marquette railroad park.


For more information, and pictures, check out these resources:
Dan's Wig-Wag site: 
Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wigwag_(railroad)

The South Bay Historical Railroad Society's wig-wag: http://www.sbhrs.org/museum/Artifacts/Wigwag/wigwag.html
The Santa Fe's Historical Society's page on wig-wags used on cabooses: http://www.atsfrr.net/resources/Sandifer/WigWag/Index.htm
N&W Historical Society thread on wig-wags: http://list.nwhs.org/pipermail/nw-mailing-list/Week-of-Mon-20060904/004971.html
A wig-wag in Ashland OR, and other stuff by Robert Ashworth: http://www.theslowlane.com/04trip/wigwag.html

WRRS Wig-Wag, on display in Durand Michigan in the railroad park.


CLICK HERE for my railfan guide to Durand.

WRRS Magnetic Autoflag Wig-Wag in my backyard


This signal came off the CNW in Wisconsin, and was purchased from a railroad museum in western Wisconsin in 2000.

For more pix of WRRS wig-wags, check out Dan's page at: http://www.trainweb.org/dansrailpix/WIG_WAG_wrrs1.htm

At the Chattanooga Choo-Choo in Chattanooga TN


Rotating Banners

Rotating Banner signals combined standard flashing lights with crossbucks and a rotating stop sign.  Upon activation, the flashing lights would come on, and the stop sign, which was at right angles to the roadway, to turn 90 degrees so that it was visible to oncoming traffic.

These signals were very popular in the Minneapolis area because they were manufactured by Griswold which was based there.  They were also popular on some of the Midwest and Western roads such as the CNW, the Soo Line, the NP, and the Minneapolis and St Louis.

WRRS also made a version of the Rotating Banner, known as the Model 6, and was used on roads such as the CRIP, the CGW, and the CB&Q.

The Griswolds can still be found on the less used lines around Minneapolis, especially those used by the Minnesota Commercial on the line between St Paul and Northtown Yard south of Fridley.  None of the ones I saw however had the stop signs left on them.  There are also a few left on the abandoned Soo R-O-W heading south out of Minneapolis, where I found the one below.

Burnsville MN area

Grade crossing at 155th St W and Kenwood Trail.... 1/2mi north of 162nd St W, which is exit 86 off of interstate 35.  The old station is still standing (or should I more correctly say "shelter").





NE Minneapolis MN area

Photo by Chad Kluck.  22nd St NE.

Plymouth MN - NW of Minneapolis

Two complete Griswolds guard a no-longer existing grade crossing.  A big thanks to Jim Mihalek for finding and taking detail pictures of these fellas!






North of Duluth MN

A set of three pictures from the days of yore, showing the Griswolds that operated along the Erie Mining RR tracks in upper Minnesota by Jim Mihalek.   I wonder if the signals are still there?
The F Units were trashed in a runaway wreck back in 1997...... darn.  LTV Steel took over Erie Mining in 1987, and made its last run in 2001.  F Unit #4211 was donated to the Lake Superior Railroad Museum (Duluth MN) in 2006.
  Again, a huge thanks to Jim Mihalek for these pictures!


Misc Grade Crossing Protection Devices

Elliston VA

This grade crossing signal protects a private grade crossing on the Norfolk Southern (ex N&W), between Salem and Christiansburg VA.  As the sign says, the lamp goes dark when a train is approaching.  Salem is to the left (to the north), and Christiansburg to the right.  The signal heads are PL heads off of a standard Pennsy/N&W style PL-1 signal (a picture is also provided to illustrate the difference).

Lots of good NS action shots can be had in this great railfanning area!  My daughter went to Virginia Tech, and it provided me the opportunity for a lot of good photo-ops.  This signal can be found on my Salem to Christiansburg VA chase map, located here, which is part of my Roanoke railfan guide series, check it out....



I love trains, and I love signals.  I am not an expert. 

Please Note:  Since the main focus of my two websites is railroad signals, the railfan guides are oriented towards the signal fan being able to locate them.  For those of you into the modeling aspect of our hobby, my indexa page has a list of almost everything railroad oriented I can think of to provide you with at least a few pictures to help you detail your pike.

If this is a railfan page, every effort has been made to make sure that the information contained on this map and in this railfan guide is correct.  Once in a while, an error may creep in..... :-)

By the way, floobydust is a term I picked up 30-40 years ago from a National Semiconductor data book, and means miscellaneous and/or other stuff.

Pictures and additional information is always needed if anyone feels inclined to take 'em, send 'em, and share 'em, or if you have something to add or correct.... credit is always given! BE NICE!!! Contact info is here

Beware: If used as a source, ANYTHING from Wikipedia must be treated as being possibly being inaccurate, wrong, or not true.


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NEW 10-22-2006
Last Modified 05-Nov-2016